TT No. 522: Green Polyurethane for Ornamental Products

Ornamental products are usually used to future enhance the beauty and value of a building. These ornamental products are made from cement, stone, wood, concrete or gypsum reinfoard with glass fibres. Ornamental products produced with conventional raw materials may have some disadvantages and limitations. In order to overcome these problems and to enhance the properties […]

TT No. 521: Novel Oil-in-Water (EW) Glyphosate Triclopyr Herbicides Formulation Containing Palm-based Inert Ingredients

Triclopyr (3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridyloxyacetic acid) is a systematic herbicide to control woody plants and broadleaf weeds. Conventionally, triclopyr is pre-mixed in glyphosate herbicide foe maximum weed control. This study was carried out to develop an effective surfactant or mixed surfactants and palm-based solvents in producing 2-in-1 herbicides, oil in water (O/W) glyphosate-triclopyr for better weed control. From […]

TT No. 520: Palm-Based Aerosol Insecticides

Palm oil-based microemulsions are used as a basis for preparing aerosol insecticides against domestic insect pests. Palm-based solvents and blended emulsifiers are renewable resources, biodegradable, non-flammable, easy to handle, and cause less/no or minimum human health problems. Screening and partial ternary phase diagrams studies were carried out to determine suitable surfactant or mixed surfactants and/or […]

TT No. 519: Intensive Cattle Production in Oil Palm Plantation

The systematic rotational grazing of cattle in oil palm plantations requires a minimum economic size of 100 cows in 400 ha (tot nO.96 and No.410). Thus, the technology is only suitable for estates. For smallholdings of 10 ha, an intensive management system is recommended. In an intensive cattle management system, cattle are stall-fed in the […]

TT No. 518: Premium Oil Enriched with Phytonutrients

Crude palm oil contains approximately 1% minor components: caratenoids, vitamin E (tocopherols and tocotri-enols), sterols, phospholipids, glycolipids, and other trace impurities. The most important are carotenoids and vitamin E, both of which possess important physiological properties. The orange red colour of crude palm oil is due to the presence of carotenoids with concentration ranging from […]