TT No. 485: Water-Table Management for the Control of Termites in Peat

Termites can be a serious threat to oil palm grown on peat, particularly during the early development of the crop. The common control method against termites is by the use of chemicals. Chlorprifos and fipronil are the most widely used insecticides for termite management (Zulkefli, 2007). Chemical spraying onto palm trunks up to the shoots […]

TT No. 484: Pseudomonas GanoEB3 Powder for the Control of Ganoderma boninense in Oil Palm

Basal stem rot (BSR) disease in oil palm, caused by Ganoderma species, is considered the most destructive disease in the oil palm industry in Southeast Asia. The efficacy of bacteria from the genera Pseudomonas and Burkholderia in controling Ganoderma boninse has been reported. Maizatul and Idris (2009) reported that a pure culture of the endophytic bacterium Pseudomonas syringae, also […]

TT No. 483: Hendersonia GanoEF1 Granules for the Control of Ganoderma boninense in Palm Oil

Advantage in biotechnology have led to a significant increase in the use of microbes as biological control agents for plant pathogens. Relatively few of these microbes have been commercialised as bio-control agents due to their inconsistent performance in the field, interactions with non-target organisms, varying rhizosphere or soil colonisation by the bio-control agent, problems in […]

TT No. 482: SNP Markers for Genetic Studies and Prediction of Monogenic Traits in Oil Palm

Marker-assisted selection (MAS) is the selection of desirable genotypes in conventional breeding using DNA-based diagnostic tools. By applying MAS, palms with the desired genotype can be differentiated early by their DNA, even before the characteristic trait can manifest itself visually. The availability of genetic maps, on which DNA markers such as Simple Sequence Repeats (SSRs) […]

TT No. 481: Phytoene synthase Gene from Oil Palm for the Modification of Carotenoid Content

Carotenoids are a group of isoprenoid pigments which are widely distributed in nature. They are synthesized by all photosynnthetic bacteria and fungi. Carotenoids protect the photosynthetic apparatus from photo-oxidation, and represent structural components of light-harvesting antenna and reaction-centre complexes. Dietary carotenoids fulfil essential requirements for human and animal nutrition. B-carotene is the most potent dietary […]